EK General exam help for Ocean Navigators from Martin's Marine Engineering Page

Certification Assistance for Canadian Navigators

Canadian Ocean Navigator 
Meterology Questions

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Disclaimer
Transport Canada has ask us to advise users of this webpage to keep in mind that these questions are not the exact questions found in their exams. Martin's Marine Engineering Page - www.dieselduck.net is not affiliated with Transport Canada and these questions have been gathered from various sources.

Authored by Mr. Pete Pedersen. Pete held an ON1 ticket and used to teach the MED courses at PMTI (now BCIT Marine Campus) in North Vancouver. He passed away November 2003, from Lung Cancer. May he rest in peace.

Thank you Walt P. for submitting this material.

 

1/ Give high & low pressure areas of the world , and the prevailing winds experienced by them

2/ A vessel on a passage from London to Halifax is in line with a low pressure area, what weather would be expected in a 24 hour period as this pressure passes.

3/ Give main Ocean Currents of the East & West coasts of North & South America.

4/ Give advantage and disadvantage of optimum weather routing.

5/ Name all the parts of a Tropical Revolving Storm.

6/ How do you find the direction of a TRS Centre.

7/ How would you steam to keep out of the centre of a TRS.

8/ State Buyes Ballot Law.-- North and South Hemispheres.

9/ Explain with the aid of a sketch:
a/ COL
b/ RIDGE.
c/ SECONDARY DEPRESSION -- two types

10/ Give locality, season and direction of the wind fo:
LAVANTER
EXESIAN 
SOUTHERLY BUSTER
VENDEVALES
BORA BORA

11/ What is anabatic effect/

12/ What is the altitude of the Tropospause.

13/ What is latent heat

14/ Describe supercooling

15/ Explain the difference between dry - and - saturated adiabatic lapse rate.

16/ Describe Bishops Ring - Parahelion, and the Beaufort Scale.

17/ Sketch a Cold Front and give a description of the weather, wind ect. ect., as it passes you.

18/ Why is there a fog difference between the East & West Coasts of Canada.

19/ Describe Insolterm:
What happens in a desert
on a cloudy day
snow on the ground.

20/ Describe land and sea masses, and the connection of tyhe same air circulation, and what is this circulation called.

21/ What are Synoptic Charts, Prognostic Charts, a Facsimile Chart. - their limitations and how are they used.

22/ Katabatic Wind, Anabatic wind, and example of both.

23/ Briefly explain what causes the SW. Monsoon, and state the areas where, and the months when the Monsoon is to be expected.

24/ Explain the two main causes of Ocean Surface currents, and give three examples of each. How can Ocean Currents be measured.

25/ Apart from radio warnings, what indications of a weather phenomenon would indicate the approach of a TRS.
Define angle of indraught as related to a TRS.

26/ Draw simple diagram of any Geostrophic Wind Scale you are familiar with.
If the geostrophic wind is 33 knots what is the wind over the surface od the earth.

27/ On a passage from Rotterdam to St. John’s Newfoundland, during which the presence of ice is anticipated what would your responsibility be.

28/ What factors influence the speed and direction of movement of depressions in the Northern Hemisphere.

29/ By means of a simple sketch draw all the Currents in the South Atlantic Ocean, and name at least 6.

30/ A ship on a voyage from Hamburg to the East Coast of Canada, steers 270° true, has SE winds increasing with heavy rain, barometer falling, what weather will be experienced in the next 24 hours, with regards to temperature, humidity, barometer, and wind.

31/ A vessel in the dangerous quadrant of a TRS., Northern Hemisphere; what action would you take? If vessel is in navigable semi-circle, what action would you take.

32/ Draw a block diagram of North & south America nad name all the Ocean Currents near the Coast.

33/. Draw a simple diagram of the earth with high and low pressure belts and the winds that flow in them. Why are wind deflected when going from a High pressure to a Low pressure area.

34/ Sea level temperature 25° C, SALR. 0.5° C @ 100 meters - what is the temperature at 750 meters ? In what form would water vapors be in, in such a cloud level.

35/ State Buys Ballot Laws. Does it apply to anti-cyclones?. Give reason for your answers. What type of weather is associated with anti-cyclones?

36/ Name two types of non frontal depressions other than a TRS. Describe conditions which causes them to form.

37/ Discuss the difference between a TRS and a mid latitude depression.

38/ Voyage from Boston to Chile via the Panama Canal, enumerate the Ocean Currents. Indicate weather streams or Drifts.

39/ Describe the Polar Front and its effects oupon Canadian weather.

40/ Show with the aid of a sketch, why there is usually a rapid shift in the wind direction as a front passes over the observer.

41/ Give with the aid of a sketch the surface currents you would encounter on a voyage from St. John’s Newfoundland, to Vancouver B.C., via the Panama Canal, in the fall of the year.

42/ Sketch and name all the parts of a TRS, illustrating the track, alternate and characteristic path and wind direction for the Northern Hemisphere.

43/ Why are Icebergs found in the East Coast of Canada and yet, not in the waters of the West Coast.

44/ State 3 visible indications of Ice.

45/ Describe I detail the currents of the Caribbean.

46/ Why is air deflected across the Isobars at sea level and not at 200 feet.

47/ Ehere is more Cb found, in low or middle latitudes?.

48/ Name air masses found over North American Continent. 

Brought to you by www.dieselduck.net comments to webmaster@dieselduck.net
Disclaimer
Transport Canada has ask us to advise users of this webpage to keep in mind that these questions are not the exact questions found in their exams. Martin's Marine Engineering Page - www.dieselduck.net is not affiliated with Transport Canada and these questions have been gathered from various sources.