EK General exam help for Ocean Navigators from Martin's Marine Engineering Page

Certification Assistance for Canadian Navigators

Canadian Ocean Navigator 
Master's Ship Business

Brought to you by www.dieselduck.net comments to [email protected]
Transport Canada has ask us to advise users of this webpage to keep in mind that these questions are not the exact questions found in their exams. Martin's Marine Engineering Page - www.dieselduck.net is not affiliated with Transport Canada and these questions have been gathered from various sources.

Authored by Mr. Pete Pedersen. Pete held an ON1 ticket and used to teach the MED courses at PMTI (now BCIT Marine Campus) in North Vancouver. He passed away November 2003, from Lung Cancer. May he rest in peace.

Thank you Walt P. for submitting this material.

A seaman dies while on passage from a Canadian Port. Give full account of the procedure to be adopted with regard to this incident.

Deaths: every death that occurs on board must be recorded. The master shall record all the details in the Official Log Book; such details would be:
Name & Surname of deceased.
Sex & age
Rank and Profession
Last place of residency
Cause of death if known
The Master must report the details to the Consular Officer, at next port of call, or the 
Registrar of Shipping if a Canadian port, who in turn shall notify the Registrar of Births & Deaths.

When crew were engaged and signed articles it was agreed that they could be discharged at a foreign port. What is the Masters responsibilities when a seaman is discharged in a foreign port against his wishes. It must be in the agreement. Sign him off and pay his wages before a Consular Officer, Chief Officer of Customs or Superintendent of Mercantile Marine. Articles are endorsed and given to seaman with discharge book. Fare home is left with seaman or proper authorities. Full details in the Official Log Book. 

The crew complain about the quality of the food on your vessel. What action can they take, and if they are found at fault, what is the penalty? If 3 or more men complain about the food or water to a Consular Officer, Shipping Master or 
Chief Collector of Customs. If found when examined that the complaint is invalid, the 
complainers must pay; not more than one weeks wages. 

If a seaman is ill and taken to the hospital, and does receiver before the time of sailing. State the responsibilities of the Master regarding this occurrence.
Must be signed off Articles of Agreement. Make an account of wages and list of personal effects. Articles of Agreement endorsed by a Shipping Master, Consular Officer, Superintendent of Mercantile Shipping or Chief Officer of Customs. Money must be left with seaman or proper authorities for maintenance and air fare with discharge book. Owner of ship is responsible for all medical and travel. 

Does a seaman have a right to wages after he is discharged from a vessel? If so, how is this done. If seaman is discharged by no fault of his own, he is entitled to no more than one months wages, unless he doesn�t get suitable employment he may receive two months wages from last day worked 

What are the qualifications for an AB�s Certificate? Is it necessary for a person to hold an AB�s Certificate to be signed on as an AB on board a Canadian registered ship.
Served at least one year on deck

Prove age
At least 18 years old
Valid Medical Certificate
Valid First Aid Certificate
Lifeboat Certificate
Passed exams
Yes he must have an AB�s Certificate to be signed on as an AB on a Canadian ship.

Prior to sailing from an American Port, one of the crew deserts, leaving behind some of his  possessions. Describe what action must be taken. Notify Port Immigration Authorities, owner or Consular Officer. List seaman's effects, account of wages and deductions, and Master and Mates signature in Official Log Book within 48 hours of end of voyage. Give the Authorities a statement of delivery account. Shipping Master deducts expenses incurred by owner and takes seaman's effects and discharge 
book. Must receive receipts for everything handed over.

A seaman dies while on a passage from a Canadian Port to a US Port. Give a full account of the proceedings to be adopted with regard to this. Master delegates the Mate and one crew member to list all personal belongings of deceased. This is entered into the Official Log Book, and must be signed by 3 people. All belongings and money are turned over to Consular Officer at next port, or Shipping Master if a Canadian 
port. In log book, illness & treatment, date of death, ships position, age rank, nationality, and cause of death.

It is necessary to add a new clause to the Articles of Agreement after they have been signed by the crew. Clearly what has to be done in this situation? Every change of Articles of Agreement, except additions for shipping substitutes is invalid unless proved to have been made with everyone involved consent. Must be signed by Shipping Master Justice of the Peace, Customs Officer or Consular Officer.

Prior to sailing from Vancouver, Galley Boy becomes ill, would you hire a 16 year old boy if he is the only boy available? Yes he must be over 15 years, must have medical certificate or permission by Shipping Master to get it at next port. Name and birth date ect. must be listed in Articles of Agreement section for Young Persons.

In the Carriage of �Goods by Water Act� what is the carriers responsibility regarding Bill of  Lading? Make ship seaworthy. Properly equip the ship. Make the place where goods are carried fit and safe. Careful loading, discharging on demand of shipper. Master shall issue a Bill of Lading, showing leading marks, number and weight of package and conditions of goods.

What do the terms: Time, Voyage, and Mixed mean in terms of Marine Insurance.
Voyage Charter: is a chartered vessel making a specific voyage. Voyage begins at loading port and ends with the safe arrival at discharge port. Voyage Policy: Contract of Marine Insurance, covering a voyage from one port to another. Mixed Policy: is Insurance covering two or more different kinds of risks. Sea & land or Voyage with time element.

State the duties of the ships Agent. If a Charterer Party states that the ship will use the Charterers Agent, give the responsibility of the Master relating to this particular 
situation? Duties of a ships agent : once appointed he must act within his terms of reference and account for all his expenses. He arranges the berth. tugs, and Pilots, makes sure cargo is ready for ships arrival at dock, and arranges with the stevedores to load/ or/ discharge cargo, to or from vessel. Charterers Agent: Master reports to agent on ships arrival. Enter witnessed Notice of  Readiness in the deck log. If there is a conflict of interest refer to the Charter Party; given by a Port Warden, when vessels cargo area is fit to be loaded. It is required for loading grain, timber deck cargo and concentrate ( over 18% ) of total deadweight Lay Days; is time allowed for loading Explain the following terms: Notice- Certificate Of Readiness and discharging vessel for charterer. Weather Working Days: is days lost because of bad weather
Sunday and Holidays exempted: Doesn't count as lay-days if stated in charter party
Demurrage: is time to be paid daily at an agreed upon price ( rate ) when vessel is delayed over the Lay days allowed. If he saves time and has lay days to spare the money paid back to the charterer by ships owner to the charter party is called Despatch money.

Describe the following:
charter party: is name of agreement between ship owner and person hiring ship.
time charter: hired for a given period of time.( owner covers cost of running ship
charterer covers ,port fees, pilotage, stevedores)
voyage charter: hired for a definite voyage
bare boat charter: just ship is hired, stores, fuel, ect. ,is supplied by charterer, 
insurance is paid by owner
demise charter: same as above
running days: traveling days, not including lay days or demurrage.
despatch money: is money ship owner pays charterer for not using expected lay days because of quick loading or unloading.
dead freight: when charterer does not fill up agreement amount of cargo, the unused space (dead freight ) must be paid before ship departs.
Ice clause: general part of loading �( doesn�t apply in spring if inaccessible)� because of ice. Master is at liberty to leave without cargo and charterer is nul and void.

Give the difference between:
General average:
Particular average:

What provisions is made by the �Carriage Of Goods By Water Act� respecting inaccurate particulars of marks and numbers? Shipper is responsible for accuracy in marks and numbers, quantity and weight to the carrier. Shipper is responsible for damages and expenses due to mistakes on his part. Clause in Bill of Lading.

What parties contribute to the expense arising out of � General Average �? What is Average Bond General average: where cargo is destroyed for the benefit of all, all parties pay in proportion to value of their cargo to make up for the total loss,. An adjuster decides the amount for each to pay ( Usually subject to condition laid down in � York Antwerp Rules� Average bond: while waiting for a decision by adjuster, the ship can ask for a sum of money ( average bond ) deposited in a Bank before releasing the cargo.

The Master is given a � Bill of Lading � in a foreign language. What is his responsibilities and what would he do under these circumstances? It shouldn�t be signed until translated by unbiased person. All recovery clauses must be inspected if ship is under a charter, � Bills of Lading� is endorsed � Freight and all conditions as per charter party�. If it can�t be translated, Master should make own bill of lading, and if not accepted by shipper, they should be left with Canadian Consular.

In the Eastern Canada Marine Traffic Control System, what are its aims and objectives? name the cargoes involved under traffic controls? To ensure safe passage and provide information about traffic movement in vicinity, and hazards. to receive information from mariners about dangers to navigation. cargoes under traffic control are: chemicals, chlorine, petroleum, gasoline, explosives, ect., requiring extreme care when carried. They try to give clear passage for dangerous cargo.
Vessel management systems , are: Escarec ( Eastern Canada ) - Vancouver, Tofino.
Information on VTM�s are found in Notices to Mariners, and Collision Regs.

What are the duties of the � Receiver of Wrecks � and by whom is he appointed?
state duties and powers he has. The Governor in Council, usually appoints any officer of customs to be a receiver of Wrecks. Receiver of Wrecks has all the authority of a �Chief Officer of Customs�. When on a vessel is in distress near Canadian Waters the receiver goes to vessel and takes command of operations for the benefit of all concerned. 

What is a Carving Note� When is it issued?  The Registrar of Shipping issues the Carving Note, which requires ships registered tonnage and official numbers to be cut in the beam. Name must be on each bow, name and port of registry on the stern, draft marks, the surveyor signs carving note which is sent back to registrar with fee. He then issues a � Certificate of Registry �

State the information covered in the �Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate�
under what provisions is it issued and how long is it valid for. Before each ship is put into service, it requires a Certificate stating that it complies with regulations, on hull, machinery, life saving and fire fighting equipment. It is issued by the Steam Ship Inspector from M.O.T.. Passenger vessels are inspected every year, cargo vessels 
it is valid for two years. Name and official number, tonnage, number of crew, pressure in boilers and types of voyage are on the certificate.

Describe the manner in which a Vessel must be marked prior to registry?
Vessels registered tonnage and official number must be cut into main beam. Name on each bow, name and port of registry on stern. draft marks.

In a Canadian Port, while topping a boom on a vessel, with a list, it swung over and struck a seaman causing injuries. As Master and having regard to a � Ship Casualty Report� Regulation Detail what procedures you have to take? When ship has receiver or caused and accident, or loss of life, or damage to hull or  machinery the owner or master must within 24 hours, send a signed letter to Minister of Transport, stating probable cause, name and official number of ship, port of registry and present position. a full report in Official Log Book.

What is a De-Ratting Certificate? how long is it valid for? what do you do when it expires? Almost every ship must have a �De-Ratting� Certificate� before going into service. It is issued by the �Department of Health and Welfare�. The first certificate is valid for 6 months, if ship doesn�t pass inspection, it must be fumigated. It is possible to get 30 day extension, if impossible to be inspected. Certificate is needed for customs.

Under the � Potable Water Regulations�, when is a ship specifically required to clean and sterilize its drinking water tanks, and associated systems? Bottom of tank must be at least 2 feet above the load line. Filling connection 18 inches above deck and capped. No inspection hatches on top of the tank. Tank must not form part of 
the ships hull, fitted with drain opening to completely drain tank Must be cleaned before going into service, when contamination exists or when raw ( rain ) water has been put into the tank, after repairs. Chilling devises cleaned every two weeks.

Describe the � Certificate of Registry � why should the Master always use this certificate when transacting ships business. The Certificate of Registry is issued by the registrar of shipping and is considered the birth certificate of the vessel. It proves title and ownership. Master is the legal custodian and must keep it on board ship unless it is left with a Consular, or Customs House. Registry is used only for the lawful navigation of the ship, signing on a crew, change of Master.

What are the � Inland Waters of Canada � as defined in the Canada Shipping Act, and what is the seaward limit of these waters. It means all rivers, lakes, fresh waters, within Canada, as defined in the Canada Shipping Act, and it includes the St. Lawrence River as far seaward as a straight line drawn: ( Grain Reg., protected waters ) From Cap Des Rosiers to West Point of Anticost Isl., and from Anticost Isl., to the north shore of the St. Lawrence River and along 63� west.

What is a � Coasting License �? what is its purpose and by whom is it granted?
Coasting license is issued by custom Authorities, to a British Registered ship. It gives 
permission to trade between Canadian ports without clearing inwards or outwards, unless bonded cargo is carried, or when returning from a foreign port, This document is renewable yearly, and is void if going to a foreign port.

Describe the functions and responsibility of a Port Warden?
� Port Warden � may act as a receiver of wrecks, or survey. Before loading he inspects the holds and issues a �Certificate of Readiness � After loading, he issues a certificate of fitness if requirements are met. He inspects loading of timber deck cargo and concentrates which exceeds 18% of dead weight. He enters into his books a statement of stowage and securing as well as all other details of loading. He arbitrates on any difficulty between Master and Charterer.

When is a �Certificate of Readiness� issued with respect to loading cargo under the �Canadian Shipping Act�? What is a �Certificate of Fitness�?
A Certificate of readiness is issued by the Port Warden after inspecting ship and finding it ready to load grain. �Certificate of fitness � is issued by the port warden after or during loading of deck timber, or concentrate is inspected and found to be correct. It is also needed to clear customs.

Describe an �Inspection Certificate�. When is it issued and how long is it valid for?
Before going into service a vessel needs an Inspection Certificate issued by a Steamship Inspector from M.O.T., stating the hull, machinery, life saving, fire fighting, crew requirements, Passenger ships inspected every year, tugs inspected every year depending on size. Name, official number, amount of crew, pressure in boilers, type of voyage, are on Certificate.

What is �Sue and Labour�?
It is clause stating, in case of loss the master and crew can do everything to save vessel and cargo, and expenses will be paid by insurance.

Give three instances under the �Quarantine Regs.� which will require a vessel to get prior clearance from the Quarantine Officer before entering port. A message to be given 24 hours before arrival at station. Requesting Radio Pratique After requesting radio pratique an illness occurs there after. After radio pratique is granted, port of destination is changed.

State the advantages of a �Lloyds Salvage Agreement�, Itemize the points to be recorded by master of a vessel involved in a grounding with respect to the settlement of a salvage claim State under what conditions a Master may be relieved of his duty to � render assistance to vessel in distress� . The advantages of this agreement is the time and expense of the ordinary high court. Lloyds salvage is based on �NO CURE - NO PAY �.
Master must record:
Time and place of distress.
name of vessel.
Reason for distress.
Nature of assistance given by vessel.
Time each vessel arrives and gave assistance.
Time the assisting vessel assisting solved the problem.
Time and place vessel assisting left the salvaged vessel.
Amount of risk involved by salvors..

State under what conditions a Master may be relieved of his duty to render assistance to a vessel in distress. Every vessel receiving a distress call is obligated to go to their aid. The only reason Master doesn't go to help is if distress message is canceled, or if they are told not to go. Everything is noted in the Official Log Book & Radio Log. First O/V at distress vessel Relay.

While docking at a small isolated port without repair facilities, your vessels bulwarks and rails are buckled in. �Temporary repairs have been done. Detail what should be done by the master from a legal and safety aspect in this incident. Master should not protest before a Notary Public, or Consular stating damage is feared, a brief statement of facts within 24 hours. Make best repairs possible. Have damage surveyed by Lloyds surveyor, or Master or Chief Engineer of another ship or a Customs Officer. Get Certificate of Seaworthiness from port of refuge to next port. After proper repairs Lloyds surveyor issues an interim Certificate of Classification, until next 

What is the purpose of �Amver�? List 9 parts of a type 1 �Amver� message.
The purpose of AMVER is to increase the potential for saving lives and property on the high seas by the early assistance of other vessels. Nine parts of message are:
Name of vessel. 
Call sign.
Report type.
Date & time.
Sailing Route.
Medical person on board.
Estimated time of arrival.

The four types of AMVER Messages
Type 1. Departure place (to initiate a plot).
�D� deviation report, when vessel actual position vary more than 21.724 miles.
Type 2. Position report.
Type 3. Arrival report.

Masters of vessels registered in Canada are required to report dangers to navigation.
Give details of the types of dangers involved and to whom must the information be sent to. Master sighting hazard should send a security message to all vessels in vicinity and notify the traffic management and Coast Guard radio station, he should also make a written report to M.O.T., and Coast Guard.
Types of Dangers:
Ice accretion.
Aids to navigation, not working.
Buoys put of position, log rafts ect.

Enumerate the circumstances in which a Master should �Note Protest�. Due to heavy weather there is believed to be damage. Due to collision damage is feared.
When there is damage to ship or cargo. When ship damages a dock -(when docking or undocking).

Describe the �Certificate of Seaworthiness�. When and under what conditions is it granted? What is an �Interim Certificate�. Having damage surveyed by Lloyds surveyor, or Master or Chief Engineer of another ship, or Customs officer. Get Certificate of �Seaworthiness� from port of refuge to next port after proper repairs. Lloyds surveyor issues an interim Certificate of Classification.

Brought to you by www.dieselduck.net comments to [email protected]
Transport Canada has ask us to advise users of this webpage to keep in mind that these questions are not the exact questions found in their exams. Martin's Marine Engineering Page - www.dieselduck.net is not affiliated with Transport Canada and these questions have been gathered from various sources.